Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 57-65
Effect of Socio-cultural Factors on Women Entrepreneurship Development in Kaduna State
Ahmed Hussaini Giwa, Department of Business Administration, College of Business and Management Studies (CBMS), Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
Abubakar Mohammed Babakatun, Department of Business Administration, College of Business and Management Studies (CBMS), Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
Received: Aug. 27, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 21, 2019;       Published: Oct. 15, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jhrm.20190703.11      View  43      Downloads  18
Abstract
Women participation in economic development has been identified to be of importance, most especially in the area of entrepreneurship. However, women the world over play a substantial role in the socio- economic and political development of any country. Given this, the current study examined the effect of socio-cultural factors on women entrepreneurship development in Kaduna state. The specific objectives of the study include: to examine the effect of religion on women entrepreneurship development in Kaduna State; to examine the effect of culture on women entrepreneurship development in Kaduna State; and to examine the effect of gender roles on women entrepreneurship development in Kaduna State. Using descriptive survey research design, data were collected from 332 women entrepreneurs in Kaduna metropolis and then analyzed via correlation and regression analyses techniques to examine the cause, effect, strength and degree of the relationship between socio-cultural factors and women entrepreneurship development. The study found that there is a significant relationship between socio-cultural factors and women entrepreneurship development in Kaduna metropolis, indicating significant relationships between religion and women entrepreneurship, between culture and women entrepreneurship and between gender role and women entrepreneurship development in Kaduna metropolis. The study recommends that women entrepreneurs in Kaduna metropolis should be proactive in doing business by bearing in mind various socio-cultural factors such as religion, culture and gender roles that may hinder the smooth running of their businesses.
Keywords
Culture, Gender Role, Kaduna Metropolis, Religion, Women Entrepreneurship
To cite this article
Ahmed Hussaini Giwa, Abubakar Mohammed Babakatun, Effect of Socio-cultural Factors on Women Entrepreneurship Development in Kaduna State, Journal of Human Resource Management. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 57-65. doi: 10.11648/j.jhrm.20190703.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Mordi, C., Simpson, R. Singh, S. & Okafor, C. (2010). The role of cultural values in understanding the challenges faced by female entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 25 (1), 5–21.
[2]
Anggadwita, G., Luturlean, B. S., Ramadani, V., & Ratten, V. (2017). Socio-cultural environments and emerging economy entrepreneurship: Women entrepreneurs in Indonesia. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 9 (1), 85-96.
[3]
Eijdenberg, E. L., & Masurel, E. (2013). Entrepreneurial motivation in a least developed country: Push factors and pull factors among MSEs in Uganda. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 21 (01), 19-43.
[4]
Akpor, R. & Masoje, O. M. (2012). The impact of socio-cultural environment on entrepreneurial emergence: An empirical analysis of Nigeria society. Management Science and Engineering, 6 (4), 83-93.
[5]
Abimbola, O. H. & Agboola, M. G. (2011). Environmental factors and entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 13 (4), 23-32.
[6]
Mathew, V. (2019). Women Entrepreneurship in Gulf Region: Challenges and Strategies In GCC. International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management (IJABIM), 10 (1), 94-108.
[7]
Yusuf, L. (2013). Influence of Gender and Cultural Beliefs on women Entrepreneurs in Developing Economy, Scholarly Journal of Business Administration Vol. 3 (5) 117-119.
[8]
Halkias, D., Nwajiuba, C., Harkiolakis, N., & Caracatsanis, S. M. (2011). Challenges facing women entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Management Research Review, 34 (2), 221-235.
[9]
Aderinto, C. O., David, J. O., & Alabi, F. A. (2018). Cultural Values and the Development of Women Entrepreneurs in South Western Nigeria. World Journal of Entrepreneurial Development Studies, 2 (3), 22-33.
[10]
Ugwa, M., Okonkwo, C. J., & IGWEGBE, D. O. (2019). Influence of Culture on Women Entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Forschen Hub International Journal of Economics and Business Management, 1 (1), 1-12.
[11]
Klapper, L. F. and Parker, S. C. (2011) ‘Gender and the business environment for new firm creation’, The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 237-257.
[12]
Nukpezah, J. A. & Blankson, C. (2017). Microfinance intervention in poverty reduction: A study of women farmer-entrepreneurs in rural Ghana. Journal of African Business, Article in Press.
[13]
Goyal, M., & Parkash, J. (2011). Women entrepreneurship in India-problems and prospects. International journal of multidisciplinary research, 1 (5), 195-207.
[14]
Kumar, S. M., Mohan, H. C., Vijaya, C., & Lokeshwari, N. (2013). The role of women entrepreneurship in modern world. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, 1 (Special Issue), 100-104.
[15]
Kpelai, S. T. (2013). The Impact of Women Entrepreneurship on Economic Growth in Benue State of Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 13 (1), 07-12.
[16]
Adeleke, A., Oyenuga, O. O. & Ogundele, O. J. K. (2003). Business Policy and Strategy. Mushin, Lagos: Concept Publications Limited.
[17]
Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture and organizations. International Studies of Management & Organization, 10 (4), 15-41.
[18]
Adler, N. J. (1997). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior, 3rd edn. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Publishing.
[19]
Weber, M. (1976). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism London: Allen and Urwin.
[20]
Fukuyama, F. (1995). The Great Disruption Trust: The Social Values and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: The Free Press.
[21]
Inglehart, R. (2000). Culture and Democracy. In Harrison, L. E; Huntington, S. P. (eds) Culture Matters Basic Books.
[22]
Connell, R. W. (2002). Gender Short Introductions.
[23]
Kochan, T., Bezrukova, K., Ely, R., Jackson, S., Joshi, A., Jehn, K., Leonard, J., Levine, D., & Thomas, D. (2003). The effects of diversity on business performance: Report of the diversity research network. Human Resource Management, 42: 3-21.
[24]
UN‐Habitat. (2004). The challenge of slums: Global report on human settlements 2003. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 15 (3), 337-338.
[25]
Riley, N. E. (1997). Gender, power and population change. Population Bulletin, 52 (1), 2-48.
[26]
Ostergaard, L. (1992). Gender and development: A practical guide. London: Routledge.
[27]
Sen, G. (1999). A Quick Guide to Gender Mainstreaming in Finance (Vol. 5). Commonwealth Secretariat.
[28]
Barriteau, E. (1998). Theorizing Gender Systems and the Project of Modernity in the Twentieth-Century Caribbean. Feminist Review, (59), 186-210. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1395730.
[29]
Hearn, J., & Morgan, D. H. J. (2014). Men, Masculinities and Social Theory (RLE Social Theory). Routledge.
[30]
Teixeira, A. A. C. &Sharifu, H. A. (2017). Female entrepreneurship and access to bank loans in Tanzania: A double-hurdle model approach. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 22 (3), 1-29.
[31]
Urbano, D., Jiménez, E. F., & iNoguera, M. N. (2014). Female social entrepreneurship and socio-cultural context: an international analysis. Revista de Estudios Empresariales. Segundaépoca, (2), 26-40.
[32]
Roohangiz, N., Shahin, R. & Hajar, A. (2012). A Survey on Socio-Cultural and Economical Factors Affecting Women Entrepreneurs InKhouzestan Province. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6 (13): 11-17.
[33]
Amodu, A. & Audu, (2015). Effects of gender and cultural beliefs on women entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Proceedings of The IRES 19th International Conference, Dubai, UAE, 5th December 2015, ISBN: 978-93-85832-64-2.
[34]
Van de Ven, A. H. (1993). The Development of an Infrastructure for Entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, May.
[35]
Mugenda, O. & Mugenda, A. G. (2006). Research methods: Quantitative and Qualitative methods. Nairobi: Nairobi ACTS press.
Browse journals by subject