Journal of Human Resource Management

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

The Shaping and Price Change of Shared Employee Model: New Insights from China

The past outbreak of the COVID-19 global epidemic has spawned an emerging model of "shared employees" in the Chinese labor market, and this paper conceptualizes this new model, demonstrating that shared employees have produced unique changes in China. This paper presents a descriptive analysis of 604 research samples that conducted employee sharing to examine labor relations formation and price changes in shared employee model during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a unique human resource management in China under the changes of the pandemic, the results show that the group of shared employees has not emerged for a long time, the average age of the group is younger, and the labor risks and social security problems are not yet acute. Thus, this paper believe it is necessary to expand the coverage of social insurance as soon as possible and safeguard the social insurance rights and interests of the employees in the new business. Based on these findings, this paper takes a Marxian labor price theory approach to analysis the positive changes of labor price during the pandemic, the results show that shared employee model can effectively restore and promote the value of labor, and successfully restrain the distortion of labor price. In view of the unique circumstances investigated, this paper includes our conclusions, a discussion of the study's limitations and management implications, and recommendations for future research.

Shared Employee, Labor Relations, Labor Prices, Price Changes, China

Liu Ting, Xiong Xiong, Zheng Qizhong. (2023). The Shaping and Price Change of Shared Employee Model: New Insights from China. Journal of Human Resource Management, 11(4), 122-130.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Brent, M. The Role of Firms in Resilient Systems: A Multi-Level Framework. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences-revue Canadienne Des Sciences De L Administration. Vol. 36, No. 2, 2018, pp. 221-230.
2. Jos, A., Julia, R., Maria, K. (2020). The Covid-19 crisis as a career shock: Implications for careers and vocational behavior. Journal of Vocational Bhavior. Vol. 119, 2020.
3. Joel, B. C., Isabella, H. Employee Adjustment and Well-Being in the Era of COVID-19: Implications for Human Resource Managemen. Journal of Business Research. Vol. 116, 2020, pp. 183-187.
4. Baron, R. A. Job design and entrepreneurship: Why closer connections mutual gains. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Organizational Behavior. Vol. 31 (2/3), 2010, pp. 370-378.
5. Prottas, D. J. Do the self-employed value autonomy more than employees? Research across four samples. Career Development International, No. 13, 2018, pp. 33-45.
6. Van Gelderen, M. V. Entrepreneurial autonomy and its dynamics. Applied Psychology, Vol. 65, No. 03, 2016, pp. 541-567.
7. Seifzadeh, P., Derayati, E., Radnejad, A. B. Multinational enterprises and strategic actions in emerging economy contexts: From conformity to institutional entrepreneurship. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences-revue Canadienne Des Sciences De L Administration. Vol. 38, No. 04, 2020, pp. 323-338.
8. Malhotra, A., Van, A., Marshall. The Dark Side of the Sharing Economy. and How to Lighten It. Communications of the ACM. Vol. 57, No. 11, 2014, pp. 24-27.
9. Benjaafar. S., Kong GW., Li X., Courcoubetis, C. Peer-to-Peer Product Sharing: Implications for Ownership, Usage, and Social Welfare in the Sharing Economy. Management Science. Vol. 65, No. 2, 2019, pp. 477-493.
10. Rolland, E., Patterson, R. A., Ward, K. F. (2009). Dynamic Capabilities and e-Service. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences-revue Canadienne Des Sciences De L Administration, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2009, pp. 301-315.
11. Eisenhardt, K. M., Martin, J. A. Dynamic Capabilities: What Are They? Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 21, 2000, pp. 1105-1121.
12. Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People's Republic of China, Opinions on Stabilizing Labor Relations and Supporting Enterprises to Resume Work and Production during the Prevention and Control of the COVID-19 Epidemic.
13. National Bureau of Statistics of China, China Sharing Economic Development Report. 2021.
14. Quenneville, N., Bentein, K., Simard, G. From Organizational Values to Mobilization of Human Resources. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences-revue Canadienne Des Sciences De L Administration. Vol. 27, No. 2, 2010, pp: 122-135.
15. Hofstede, Geert, H. Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. 1980.
16. Triandis, H, C. Individualism and collectivism. Routledge. 2018.
17. Chen XD., Cheng JJ. Research on the impact of labor factor market distortion on industrial structure transformation. Price Theory and Practice of Chinese Journal. Vol. 425, No. 11, 2019, pp. 41-44+56.
18. Urry, J. (2000). Sociology Beyond Societies: Mobilities for the Twenty-first Century. London: NewYork: Routledge: 2-3.
19. Giddens, A. (2000). The Consequences of Modernity. Nanjing: Yilin Translation Publishing House.
20. Deadrick, D. L., Stone, D. L. Human resource management: Past, present, and future. Human Resource Management Review. Vol. 24, No. 3, 2014, pp. 193-195.
21. Snell, S. A., Swart, J., Morris, S., Boon, C. The HR ecosystem: Emerging trends and a future research agenda. Human Resource Management, Vol. 62, No. 01, 2023, pp. 5-14.
22. Chen ZS. Sharing Employee: B2B Employment Model in the Era of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Implication for Human Resource Management. Frontiers in Psychology, No. 12, 2021.
23. Chen CP. The appropriate promotion of "shared employees" and its legal protection. People's Court newspaper of China. No, 7, 2020.
24. Marica M. E. Employee sharing: a new type of employment, opportune in a globalized context. Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence. No. 14, 2020, pp. 1187-1195.
25. Lu C. How to take the road to the normalization of shared employees? People's Forum of Chinese Journal. Vol. 26, 2020, pp. 52-55.
26. Wang LJ. Research on the Employment Relationship and Social Security Practice Dilemma of Self-employed Persons on Sharing Economy Platform. Social Security Review of Chinese Journal. Vol. 5, No. 03, 2021, pp. 12-22.
27. Zeng ZC. A study of living wage effects on employees’ performance-related attitudes and behavior. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences-revue Canadienne Des Sciences De L Administration. Vol. 34, No. 01, 2016, pp. 19-32.
28. Harvey, D. In what ways is 'the new imperialism' really new? Historical Materialism-Research in Critical Marxist Theory. Vol. 15, No. 03, 2007, pp. 57-70.
29. Zhang YB. Camouflage of Alienated Capital: Non-Objectified Living Labour and Objectified Labour: Further Study of “Capital Chapter” in Rconomics Manuscript of 1857-1858. Jianghai Academic Journal of Chinese Journal. Vol. 343, No. 01, 2023, pp. 37-52.
30. Harvey, D. The New Imperialism. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press. 2009.
31. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, Labor Law of the People's Republic of China (2018) and Labor Contract Law of the People's Republic of China (2013).
32. Marx, K, H., Engels, F. Complete Works of Marx and Engels: volume 1. Beijing: People's Publishing House. 2012.
33. Tu QY. Tong YQ. Research on the relationship between human capital and labor price under China's industrial structure. Modern management science of Chinese journal, No. 11, 2019, pp. 75-77.
34. Zhou CX., The weak position of labor factors, price distortion and the dilemma of economic growth mode transformation. scientific development of Chinese journal, No. 6, 2009, pp. 43-50.
35. Yang WW. Wu ZM. Progress and Problems in the Study of Labor-Management Contradictions: A Review of Labor-Management Conflicts in Academia in Recent Years. Dongyue Treatise of Chinese journal, Vol, 33, No. 04, 2012, pp. 46-64.